Prokaryotic cell morphology
The bacteria have four morphological types:
- Bacillus, elongated or rod-shaped. They usually present linear chains of individuals.
- Spirilo, in the form of a spiral.
- Vibrio, in the form of a comma.
- Coco, with spherical shape. Depending on how they are divided, they present different groupings:
- streptococci (in the form of chains),
- staphylococci (in the form of clusters) and
- sarcina (in cubic forms).
The groups of individuals that present some bacteria are due to the fact that, after division, the bacterial capsule holds the daughter bacteria together.