Polyalcohol with a carbonyl group. Number of carbon atoms. Carbonyl carbon position. Linear shape.
- Asymmetric carbon concept; stereoisomerism concept: enantiomer concept.
- Glucose, fructose and ribose.
- Disaccharides. O-glucosidic bond.
Link types: alpha and beta.
- Polysaccharides. Homopolysaccharide and heteropolysaccharide concept. Structure of starch, glycogen and cellulose.
Comparison in composition, structure and function of starch, glycogen and cellulose.
Recognize the following molecules: glucose, fructose, ribose, deoxyribose (cyclized forms). Identify a molecule as a disaccharide or as a polysaccharide.