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13. Immunology

BIOLOGY Course: 2nd BLOCK 5: Self-defense of organisms. Immunology and its applications.
CONTENTS: The current concept of immunity. The immune system. Nonspecific internal defenses. Specific immunity. Characteristics. Types: cellular and humoral. Responsible cells. Mechanism of action of the immune response. Immunological memory. Antigens and antibodies. Structure of antibodies. Forms of action. Its role in the immune response. Natural and artificial or acquired immunity. Serums and vaccines. Its importance in the fight against infectious diseases. Dysfunctions and differences in the immunologic system. Allergies and immunodeficiencies. AIDS and its effects on the immune system. Immune system and cancer. Monoclonal antibodies and genetic engineering. Organ transplantation and rejection problems. Ethical reflection on organ donation.

Crit.BI.5.1. Develop the current concept of immunity. FCTC

Est.BI.5.1.1. Analyze the self-defense mechanisms of living beings identifying the types of immune response.

Crit.BI.5.2. Distinguish between nonspecific and specific immunity by differentiating their respective cells. FCTC-CCL

Est.BI.5.2.1. It describes the characteristics and methods of action of the different cells involved in the immune response .

Crit.BI.5.3. Discriminate between primary and secondary immune responses. FCTC

Est.BI.5.3.1. Compare the different characteristics of the primary and secondary immune responses.

Crit.BI.5.4. Identify the structure of antibodies. FCTC-CCL

Est.BI.5.4.1. Defines the concepts of antigen and antibody, and recognizes the structure and chemical composition of antibodies.

Crit.BI.5.5. Differentiate the types of antigen-antibody reaction. FCTC

Est.BI.5.5.1. Classify the types of antigen-antibody reaction summarizing the characteristics of each of them.

Crit.BI.5.6. Describe the main methods to achieve or enhance immunity. FCTC

Est.BI.5.6.1. It highlights the importance of immunological memory in the mechanism of action of the immune response, associating it with the synthesis of vaccines and serums.

Crit.BI.5.7. Investigate the relationship between immune system dysfunctions and some common pathologies. FCTC

Est.BI.5.7.1. It summarizes the main alterations and dysfunctions of the immune system, analyzing the differences between allergies and immunodeficiencies.

Est.BI.5.7.2. It classifies and cites examples of the most common autoimmune diseases as well as their effects on health, emphasizing the description of the development cycle of HIV.

Crit.BI.5.8. Argue and value the advances of Immunology in improving people's health. FCTC-CSC-CCL

Est.BI.5.8.1. Recognizes and values ​​the applications of Immunology and genetic engineering for the production of monoclonal antibodies.

Est.BI.5.8.2. Describe the problems associated with organ transplantation by identifying the cells that act. It classifies the types of transplants, relating the advances in this area with the future impact on organ donation.