The cell division can be done in two ways:
- Mitosis. Somatic cells divide by mitosis to give rise to cells with identical genetic material.
- In unicellular organisms, mitosis is an asexual reproduction mechanism.
- In multicellular organisms, mitosis is a cell multiplication mechanism to renew damaged cells or tissues.
- Meiosis. Germ cells divide by meiosis to form haploid cells that, after fertilization, give rise to diploid cells.