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3.2. Classification of lipids

Classification of lipids

The lipids are classified into two groups according to its composition containing fatty acids (saponifiable lipids) or not containing (unsaponifiable lipids).

The term saponifiable refers to the ability of these lipids to form soaps.

The lipids are classified into three groups:

Lipids

Fatty acids

Lipids with fatty or saponifiable acids

Simple

Acylglycerides

Cerids

Complexes

Phospholipids

Glycolipids

Fatty acid free or unsaponifiable lipids

Terpenes or isoprenoids

Steroids

Prostaglandins