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12.3.1. Viroids

Viroids

The viroids are the smallest pathogens. Are small molecules of single - stranded RNA and circulate without capsid. Its extracellular form consists of naked RNA . RNA takes on a secondary structure that looks like double-stranded DNA. Its RNA does not function as messenger RNA, nor does it contain information to translate it into enzymes that participate in its replication. Thus, viroids are totally dependent on host cell metabolism for replication.

They are the cause of important plant diseases , such as exocortis in citrus fruits or  cadang-cadang in coconut.

Questions that have come out in University entrance exams (Selectividad, EBAU, EvAU)

Andalusia, June 2018, alternate, option A, question 3 .

a) Explain what a viroid is [0,5].

b) What type of cells do they affect? [0.5]