- Biological function of ATP, NAD+/NADH and FADH2.
- Phosphodiester bond.
- DNA. Molecular components and primary structure.
- Secondary structure: the double helix of Watson and Crick.
- Chromatin. Chromatin packing levels: nucleosome and nucleosomal fiber (nucleosomal fiber to bead necklace preferable). Chromatin and chromosomes.
- The RNA. Molecular components.
- Types of RNA (messenger, ribosomal and transfer).
- Biological role and location of RNA.
- Biomolecule recognition: identify an ADP or ATP molecule as a nucleotide. Identify a single or double-stranded chain as nucleic acid and differentiate between RNA and DNA in the scheme.
Crit.BI.1.3. Recognize the different types of macromolecules that make up living matter and relate them to their respective biological functions in the cell. FCTC-CIEE-CAA
Est.BI.1.3.1. It recognizes and classifies the different types of organic biomolecules, relating their chemical composition with their structure and function.
Crit.BI.1.4. Identify the types of monomers that make up biological macromolecules and the bonds that join them. FCTC
Est.BI.1.4.1. Identify the monomers and distinguish the chemical bonds that allow the synthesis of macromolecules: O-glucosidic bonds , ester bond, peptide bond, O-nucleoside bond.
Crit.BI 1.5. Determine the chemical composition and describe the function, location and examples of the main organic biomolecules. FCTC-CCL
Est.BI.1.5.1. Describes the composition and function of the main organic biomolecules.
- Classify the types of bioelements relating each of them with its proportion and biological function.
- It relates the chemical structure of water with its biological functions.
- Distinguish the types of mineral salts, relating composition with function.
- It contrasts the processes of diffusion, osmosis and dialysis, interpreting their relationship with the saline concentration of the cells.
- It recognizes and classifies the different types of organic biomolecules, relating their chemical composition with their structure and function.
- Identifies and distinguishes monomers chemical bonds that allow the synthesis of macromolecules: links O-glycosidic, ester bond, peptide bond, O-nucleoside.
- Describes the composition and function of the main organic biomolecules.
- It contrasts the fundamental role of enzymes as biocatalysts, relating their properties to their catalytic function.
- Identify the types of vitamins associating their essential function with the diseases they prevent.
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