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12. Microbiology and biotechnology

BIOLOGY Course: 2nd BLOCK 4: The world of microorganisms and their applications. Biotechnology.CONTENTS: Microbiology. Microorganism conceptMicroorganisms with cellular organization and without cellular organization. BacteriaVirusOther acellular forms: Subviral infective particles. Microscopic fungi. Protozoa. Microscopic algae. Methods of study of microorganisms. Sterilization and Pasteurization. Microorganisms in geochemical cycles. Microorganisms as disease-producing agents. Biotechnology. Use of microorganisms in industrial processes: Products made by biotechnology.

Crit.BI.4.1. Differentiate and distinguish the types of microorganisms based on their cellular organization. FCTC

Est.BI.4.1.1. Classify microorganisms in the taxonomic group to which they belong.

Crit.BI.4.2. Describe the structural and functional characteristics of the different groups of microorganisms. FCTC

Crit.BI.4.3. Identify the methods of isolation, culture and sterilization of microorganisms. FCTC-CCL

Est.BI.4.3.1. Describes instrumental techniques that allow the isolation, cultivation and study of microorganisms for biological experimentation.

Est.BI.4.2.1. Analyze the structure and composition of the different microorganisms, relating them to their function.

Crit.BI.4.4. Assess the importance of microorganisms in geochemical cycles. FCTC-CCL

Est.BI.4.4.1. Recognize and explain the fundamental role of microorganisms in geochemical cycles.

Crit.BI.4.5. Recognize the most common diseases transmitted by microorganisms and use the appropriate vocabulary related to them. FCTC

Est.BI.4.5.1. It relates the most frequent pathogenic microorganisms with the diseases they cause.

Est.BI.4.5.2. It analyzes the intervention of microorganisms in numerous natural and industrial processes and their numerous applications.

Crit.BI.4.6. Evaluate the applications of biotechnology and microbiology in the food and pharmaceutical industry and in the improvement of the environment. FCTC-CSC

Est.BI.4.6.1. It recognizes and identifies the different types of microorganisms involved in fermentation processes of industrial interest.

Est.BI.4.6.2. It evaluates the applications of biotechnology and genetic engineering in obtaining pharmaceutical products, in medicine and in bioremediation for the maintenance and improvement of the environment, and in food processes.

BOE Access to the University. Block 4. The world of microorganisms and their applications. Biotechnology

  • Classify microorganisms in the taxonomic group to which they belong.
  • Analyze the structure and composition of the different microorganisms.
  • Recognize and explain the fundamental role of microorganisms in geochemical cycles.
  • It relates the most frequent pathogenic microorganisms with the diseases they cause.
  • It analyzes the intervention of microorganisms in numerous natural and industrial processes and their numerous applications.
  • It recognizes and identifies the different types of microorganisms involved in fermentation processes of industrial interest.
  • It evaluates the applications of biotechnology and genetic engineering in obtaining pharmaceutical products, in medicine and in bioremediation for the maintenance and improvement of the environment.