Their bodies are covered with feathers, which help keep their body temperature constant, at about 40º C, since they are homeothermic, warm- blooded animals. Some birds migrate to avoid times when temperatures are too high or too low.
- an axis.
- Calamus, part that is inserted into the skin.
- Rachis, from which the beards, the ramifications of the standard, come out.
- Laminar or standard zone.
The body of birds can be distinguished:
- the head The toothless horny beak stands out, which can have different shapes, adapted to different types of food. On the head are also the eyes and ears, although they do not have ears.
- the neck It makes it easier for you to move your head.
- The trunk.
- The four extremities. They are tetrapods.
- Two wings. The two forelimbs are anatomically adapted to be able to fly, although not all birds fly.
- two legs They are covered with scales, like reptiles. The legs allow them to walk, jump or stand on them.
His body is adapted to flight. The skeleton of birds is very light, made up of hollow bones, and together with their streamlined shape, they are adaptations that facilitate flight.
Birds have very varied feeding methods. As they do not have teeth, they cannot chew the food, and have to swallow it whole, and accumulate it in the crop, where it is stored and softened. The food is crushed in the gizzard, and then it will pass to the stomach, the intestine, and finally, the cloaca.
The respiratory system of birds is also adapted to flight. The lungs have expansions called air sacs that fill with air when you breathe and make the bird lighter. This reserve of air allows you not to have to use your respiratory muscles during flight.
Many species have a syrinx, an organ that allows them to sing and communicate.
They are oviparous, laying eggs that they incubate until they hatch. The eggs are amniotic.