The Monera kingdom is made up of single -celled, prokaryotic organisms. That is, organisms whose DNA is not surrounded by a nuclear membrane, such as bacteria. They are very small organisms, only visible with very powerful microscopes. The main characteristics of the organisms of the kingdom Moneras are:
- Prokaryotes: They do not have a nucleus or membranous organelles. They are the simplest organisms.
- Unicellular: All Monera are made up of a single cell.
- Moneras can live alone or in association with others, forming colonies.
- They can be autotrophs and heterotrophs.
- They can be found in any ecosystem, even in the most extreme conditions.
The Monera kingdom is divided into two groups:
- Archaebacteria. They live in extreme conditions. They can be thermophilic , halophilic and methanogenic.
- Eubacteria. They are considered true bacteria.