The name myriapods comes from the Greek myria, "innumerable" and podos, "foot", thus indicating that this class of arthropods has many legs.
The millipedes are terrestrial, and your breathing is tracheal.
All myriapods are oviparous.
The body of myriapods is elongated and is made up of:
- Head, containing:
- Mouth, with chewing jaws and surrounded by taste buds.
- A pair of antennae.
- First pair of legs modified into large claws, the forcipulas , associated with a poisonous nail.
- Trunk divided into equal rings that bear a pair of legs (like centipedes) or two pairs of jointed legs (like millipedes).
Some myriapods curl up on themselves if they are in a dangerous situation.
The two most important groups of myriapods are:
- Chilopods: Centipedes have a pair of legs for each ring, and their body is flattened. They are carnivorous, and the first pair of legs is adapted for capturing prey. For example, the scolopendra.
B. Navez / CC BY-SA
- Diplopods: Millipedes have two pairs of legs in each ring and a cylindrical body. Most are herbivores or detritivores, few predators.
Interactive activity: Characteristics of myriapods.