Main environmental problems of Aragon
Aragon has the same environmental problems as the rest of the Autonomous Communities, although due to its characteristics (industrial development, population distribution, climate, etc.) it has some peculiarities.
The population density is quite low, about 28 inhabitants per square kilometer, but most of its inhabitants are concentrated in Zaragoza, so environmental problems vary greatly from one area to another.
The main environmental problems are:
Water-related environmental problems
- Uneven distribution of water resources. Despite the fact that the Ebro river crosses Aragón from northwest to southeast, there are areas in which, at certain times, there are supply problems, even for human consumption. On the other hand, irrigation systems (by flooding) do not optimize water as much as other more modern irrigation systems, such as drip.
- Surface water quality. The quality of river water is being lost due to the following causes:
- Transport of natural mineral salts.
- Decrease in flows due to contributions to irrigated areas.
- Contribution of fertilizers and pesticides from excess irrigation water.
- Industrial contamination.
- Urban pollution in areas with the highest concentration of population.
- Aquifer depletion and contamination. Agricultural and industrial overexploitation causes the depletion and salinization of aquifers.