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8.2.2. Biocenosis or community

Biocenosis or community

The biocenosis or biotic community of an ecosystem is the set of all living beings that live in the  biotope,  among which certain relationships are established.

population is the set of individuals of the same species that live in a certain place. Living together allows them to feed, defend themselves, reproduce, etc. in better conditions than if they lived in isolation. For example, the population of mallards in a lake.

Therefore, the biocenosis is formed by the set of populations that live in the same place and that are related to each other.

Población de patos
Población de patos en el Parque del Agua (Zaragoza)