Differences between mitosis and meiosis
|It is produced in somatic cells.||It is produced in diploid cells that will give rise to gametes.|
|It consists of a single cell division.||It consists of two successive divisions.|
|No overcrossing occurs .||In the prophase I occurs crossing over of homologous chromosomes.|
|Sister (identical) chromatids separate at anaphase.||
In anaphase I pairs of homologous chromosomes separate.
In anaphase II chromatids (distinct, recombined) separate.
|The result is two daughter cells with the same genetic information as the parent cell.||The result is four daughter cells with half the genetic information of the parent cell, and different from each other.|
|Its purpose is the growth and renewal of cells.||Its purpose is sexual reproduction and genetic variability.|