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1.3.2. Eukaryotic cell

Unlike prokaryotic cells, eukaryotes have a cytoskeleton and various organelles that allow them to perform their vital functions.

According to the organelles they have, two types of eukaryotic cells are distinguished:

  • The eukaryotic animal cells. They have centrioles, their vacuoles are small, they do not have a cell wall or chloroplasts. Animals and protozoa have these types of cells.
Célula eucariota animal
By Alejandro Porto [CC0], via Wikimedia Commons 
  • The eukaryotic plant cells. They have a cell wall that surrounds the plasme membrane. They are characterized by having large vacuoles in which they store substances and chloroplasts with which they carry out photosynthesis. Unlike animal cells, they lack centrioles.
    Eukaryotic plant cells are characteristic of plants.

    Fungi have a cell type very similar to the eukaryotic plant cell, but they do not have chloroplasts, since they are not photosynthetic beings.

    Célula eucariota vegetal

    Por LadyofHats. translated by Penarc [Public domain], undefined


             

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    Biology and Geology teaching materials for Compulsory Secondary Education (ESO) and Baccalaureate students.