The sense of smell
The smell is placed in the nose or nasal cavity, which has several parts:
- Nostrils: two cavities separated by a thin septum through which air enters .
- Nasal turbinates: bony structures that form invaginations in the walls of the nostrils.
- Olfactory or nasal mucosa. Mucosa that lines the inner walls of the nostrils. It is called the pituitary membrane and it is of two types:
- Red pituitary membrane. It is highly vascular (many blood vessels) that allow it to heat the air.
- Yellow pituitary membrane. Located in the upper part of the nostrils, it contains the olfactory receptors, chemoreceptor cells that capture the aromatic particles and send the information to the olfactory bulb and from there, to the brain through the olfactory nerve.