The mastication is a mechanical process in which cut and grind food to facilitate subsequent digestion.
The tongue is a muscular organ that, in addition to intervening in the sense of taste, also does it in the emission of sounds, in addition to collaborating in the chewing of food, moving the food from one teeth to another and allowing the food to mix with the saliva.
The teeth are responsible for fragmenting the food and, for that, there are several different types of teeth. In a complete denture of an adult we find:
- 8 incisors: cut the food. They are in the front and center of the mouth. Colloquially we refer to them as the two "blades" or "blades" and the teeth that are next to them on each jaw.
- 4 canines: they tear the food, they are the most pointed teeth. They are what we commonly call “fangs”.
- 8 premolars: grind food .
- 12 molars: grind food.