The climate is fundamental in the type of landscape of a certain area, especially in young reliefs.
Depending on the climate, the rocks are altered in another way and leave a characteristic landscape. For example, granite will behave differently in a cold climate (angular blocks due to gelling ) than in a temperate and humid climate (its minerals are altered by chemical weathering).
Although the behavior of each type of rock depends fundamentally on the climate, the characteristics of each rock can generate different types of reliefs.
The roca clastic sedimentary soft and friable (loams, clays, sands) will be affected, in conditions arid for gullies and ravines (lands bad). If the terrain is heterogeneous, they can leave structures like fairy chimneys.
The soluble sedimentary rocks (limestone, gypsum, salts,...) generate kárstico modeling, by dissolution and precipitation of salts forming forms endokársticas and exokársticas, both erosion as deposit.
The metamorphic rocks, plutonic and volcanic, consisting mainly of silicates, are affected by chemical weathering, especially in humid climates. In other climates, gelling, jointing, etc., are more characteristic.
14.6.- Explain with drawings how fairy chimneys are formed.
If the strata dip gently in one direction, a sloping relief appears, with small elevations on the ground, elongated according to a more resistant layer that is on top of other softer ones.
If the strata are folded, you can also determine the relief, since although initially the anticlines can be related to the hills and the synclines to the valleys , the erosion can transform into an inverted relief.
Vertical strata in the Aliaga Geological Park (Teruel).
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